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Growing Marijuana:

A s you may know, the legalization of medical and recreational marijuana across several states has enabled many consumers to become accustomed to purchasing cannabis from a dispensary. Even more intriguing though is the opportunity that legalization has created for adults and medical patients to cultivate cannabis in their own homes.

While the laws, limitations and regulations are different for each state, almost every state with some form of legalized marijuana does allow home cultivation to some extent. Even though it’s completely legal, some people do not take advantage of their right to grow cannabis due to the perception that it is too difficult, expensive or time-consuming.

Interesed in growing? Click here to purchase your own seeds and start growing today!

Don’t let the lack of ambition from others discourage you though. If done correctly, growing cannabis at home can be fun, simple and cost-effective! We believe everyone should have access to their own clean cannabis. That’s why we decided to bring you a comprehensive guide to growing marijuana, created specifically with beginner growers in mind.

With essential grow knowledge, you’ll learn the benefits and tips of different grow methods, how to maximize plant yields and grow times, the best harvesting, drying, curing methods and much more! Who’s ready to start their cannabis growing journey?

Part 1 – Understanding Marijuana Grow Mediums

Deep Water Culture Hydroponics

Before starting your cannabis grow, you must decide if you want an indoor growing system or an outdoor growing system. When it comes to indoor growing mediums, DWC, or deep water culture, is a type of hydroponic growing method where each plant’s roots are growing in a tub of water.

One of the main benefits of a DWC system is that it promotes faster growth. Unlike growing cannabis in soil, roots grown in DWC don’t need to expend energy to search for what the plant needs; nutrients are easily accessible by the roots.

Plants have an unlimited supply of oxygen because of added oxygen from the air stone in the reservoir. Since the plant is spending less energy finding what it needs to grow, it channels that energy to plant growth. In addition, with proper guidance and a quality set up, DWC takes less time to maintain than an average grow.

When implementing a DWC system, a bubbler bucket reservoir system is recommended.

A bubbler bucket reservoir is a simple system that suspends the plant’s roots in a highly oxygenated nutrient solution. The roots are submerged in the nutrient-water solution in the bucket and are then replenished, as needed.

The most important growing tip is to check on your cannabis plants daily. As with many processes, the easiest way to fix a problem is in the beginning stages! If something is wrong with your plant in a DWC system, your first step in remedying your plant should always be to change out the reservoir. It is common for root rot to occur when roots are consistently in water, therefore, it is imperative to establish a preventative routine of changing out the reservoir every seven days. Adding beneficial bacteria to the reservoir is also effective in avoiding and combating root rot.

When growing from seeds in DWC, use each reservoir port (or net cup) to vegetate, then pick the strongest looking females to continue growing.

Keeping air and water temperatures under control are also very important measures to take. Air temperature should be 75-85°F when the lights are on and will drop by 10 degrees when the lights are off. Water temperature should remain at a constant temperature at all times. Your empty portholes can be used to change out the reservoir water by using a pump, allowing you to easily inspect what’s going on inside.

A common mistake to avoid when growing with DWC is not checking the pH levels of the water. This is important for any grow! Dirty reservoirs or not using an aerator 24/7 are two additional crucial mistakes, as roots must have excessive oxygen so they don’t drown. While some people like to maintain a completely sterile reservoir with just nutrients and water and no traces of anything alive, there are some good sources of beneficial bacteria that can be added. Bad bacteria is obviously, bad, but we wanted to emphasize the possibility of bacteria that can benefit your grow. To avoid potentially harmful bacteria, be proactive about changing the reservoir water.

In addition, having too many plants in one reservoir can lead to problems such as white powdery mildew. Don’t cramp your plants, instead, we recommend growing one plant per reservoir to allow the roots to spread out and give the leaves and buds more space.

Setting up a water transfer pump for this task can speed up the process. For best results, learn how to flush your cannabis plants.

Flushing your plants by removing any nutrients and salts improves the quality and taste of your final product. By simply draining your bubbler bucket reservoir and adding plain (pH neutral) water for two-three days before harvest, the plant will use all its existing nutrients contained in the stems, leaves and buds.

Growing Cannabis with Coco Coir

Coco coir is another great growing method, especially for beginners. It provides the ease of soil gardening with the rapid growth of hydroponics by using fibrous coconut husks instead of a potting mix. Compared to just soil growing, it absorbs moisture much easier, allowing plants to take up more nutrients and retain oxygen more efficiently because of its lighter texture. It also provides a forgiving buffer by reducing shock stress when human errors are made, such as adding too many nutrients, a common mistake.

Coco is much easier to flush than DWC because you aren’t changing an entire water reservoir. In fact, watering coco coir is very versatile. You can use a flood and drain hydroponic system, which is when the nutrient system temporarily floods from beneath the plant, controlled by a pump and timer, instead of dripping from above like most hydroponic systems. You can also use the most recognized top water to waste system, which is simply taking a water pail and watering your plant until water comes out of the bottom of the pot.

When growing cannabis with coco, good quality coco coir makes an immense difference, especially regarding root development. For beginner growers, a three-to-one coco to perlite mixture is recommended as it requires less watering frequency and holds moisture and nutrients better.

For more experienced growers, a one-to-one coco to perlite ratio is recommended as you are able to water more frequently, giving the plant more nutrient uptake and allowing more aggressive root growth.

With coco, water around the outside of the pot in early stages of growth to encourage roots to reach out and fill up the entire container.

Some common mistakes can occur when growing with coco if a grower allows the coco to get too dry, as the mixture dries quickly. Not checking the pH of the nutrient-water solution and not flushing on a consistent basis are also critical errors, as you are using more nutrients with coco and the excess residual nutrients can cause common nutrient deficiency symptoms.

It’s also very important to use Cal-Mag, or Calcium and Magnesium, in your coco growing medium. Calcium plays a direct role in a plant’s root development, nutrient uptake and protein synthesis. Magnesium is an essential part of chlorophyll production, helping your plants with photosynthesis, as well as aiding in the synthesis of sugars and proteins. Together, the correct amount of magnesium and calcium will help keep your cannabis plant healthy.

Outdoor Growing

Outdoor soil growing is a common gardening technique that most people with house plants or vegetable gardens are familiar with. Using techniques such as top-fed watering, deep irrigation or wicks are all viable methods to water your plants. You can either use organic, composted soil, or store-bought soil with added liquid nutrients.

To make organic soil, you need a mixture of biolive, alfalfa meal, oyster shell for calcium, blood meal and bone meal, humic acid to keep the roots clean, and kelp. With store bought soil, use organic nutrients and start adding them about three weeks into the vegetative stage. With synthetic nutrients, you must flush them out regularly. Flood the soil with as much fresh water as it can withstand and leave it for a few minutes to allow the nutrients to be picked up, then flood it again to get the nutrients away from the plant.

Always remember, less is more with non-organic nutrients. If you are adding nutrients, a good rule-of-thumb is to add them about once a week.

A benefit to outdoor soil growing is that if you have a good base-soil built up, it’s not necessary to add nutrients throughout the plant’s life cycle. That means less work for you! It is also likely that the smell and flavor profiles of your buds will increase as well.

A common mistake when growing outdoors is overwatering. Wait to water your plants until the first three inches or so, or about knuckle depth, of soil is dry. You can gauge your soil by pulling the container it is in slightly outwards. Not checking the pH after mixing nutrients, or using nutrients too frequently are also common mistakes that you’ll want to avoid.

Don’t use miracle grow or other similar slow release soils. Your plants will not get the correct amount of nitrogen needed during vegetation and they will receive too much nitrogen during flowering.

Part 2: Learning Cannabis Grow and Plant Maintenance Techniques

Growers have recorded a plethora of marijuana growing techniques over the years to ensure you make the most of your crop. If you want to maximize yield and maximize the amount of light your cannabis plant receives, it is important to practice bending and securing parts of the plant, or removing parts of the plant altogether. While there are many different methods, it is important to note which ones will be the most sustainable for your growing medium.

Bending & Securing Your Cannabis Plants

Screen of Green (ScrOG)

One technique for bending and securing parts of marijuana plants is ScrOG, or Screen of Green. ScrOG is perfect for an indoor grower who is only growing a small number of plants. In places like Colorado, for example, this method is ideal as the legal growing limit is three flowering plants at a time.

ScrOG is designed to optimize the energy from a light by creating an even canopy space where bottom growth of the plant is forced upward to form a flat canopy. By spreading out the canopy and growing the plant horizontally until a few weeks into the flowering stage, more main cola budding sites will take place. The canopy of one plant can be grown as large as a four-foot canopy.

New to growing cannabis? Don’t worry, our beginner’s guide to growing marijuana will help you through the process. From seed to harvest, we have you covered with tips, tricks and step-by-step procedures.

Cultivation / Grow Houses

Marijuana has become a generally accepted part of our society in recent years, with substantial numbers of individuals using the plant for either medical or recreational use. There has yet to be a death related specifically to marijuana and the use of the substance has, up to this point, proven to have negligible effects on your health.

Even so, state and federal laws have lagged behind public opinion and continue to uphold an extremely punitive stance for those found to be in possession. Texas has some of the most stringent laws concerning illicit substances and continues to prosecute and jail individuals at an alarming rate.

This aggressive stance towards marijuana is especially the case regarding the cultivation of the plant. If you are found to have been connected to a grow house or cultivation operation, the penalties will quickly become more severe. This can lead to extensive jail terms and costly fines if convicted.

To protect yourself from the negative ramifications that could result in a guilty verdict, it is important that you have legal counsel guiding youВ through this difficult and complicated criminal process. Law enforcement and the broader justice system will not pay you any favors, so covering your bases and working with a criminal defense attorney who can effectively articulate your argument and refute the claims against you, is of paramount importance.

Houston Marijuana Cultivation Attorney

Considering the punitive stance on marijuana cultivation and possession in the state of Texas, the defense of your name and freedom is vital in allowing you to move on with your life. Matt Horak, an experienced Texas marijuana defense attorney can take the reins and provide effective and professional legal counsel during an understandably difficult and stressful period of time.

His firm is a full-service practice that handles every aspect of your case, from the gathering of evidence to arguing your side of the story in court. This comprehensive representation allows Matt to gain a full understanding of your case, enabling him to leave no questions unanswered. This will translate into a defense that is difficult to crack by the prosecution, while at the same time giving Matt the opportunity to refute the allegations, line by line.

He also strongly emphasizes the protection of individual’s rights, so you should confidently know that, as a client of Matt Horak, you will always be given a fair and just opportunity to argue your case. The justice system and law enforcement continually overstretch their authority, and Matt will make certain this potential abuse of power is rooted out from the outsetВ so that the criminal procedure is undertaken in the proper and legal fashion.

Matt Horak offers his cost-effective legal services to individuals and families throughout Southeastern Texas, including Houston, The Woodlands, Katy, Sugarland, Cypress, Galveston, Fort Bend, Beaumont, Humble, Kingwood, and Pearland, among many others.

To schedule a confidential consultation to go over your case with a qualified attorney, please call (713) 225-8000 or send an online message today. Focused on providing a quick response, Matt will immediately begin working on your cultivation of marijauna case.

Texas Marijuana Cultivation Laws

There is not a specific “cultivation” offense in Texas law, so police will charge you with either possession of marijuana or delivery of marijuana. Unless you were caught selling these drugs, a possession charge will be the likely result of being caught growing or cultivating marijuana (or otherwise known as marihuana, ganja, bud or pot). According to Statute В§481.121 of the Texas Controlled Substances Act (within the Texas Health and Safety Code), a person commits the offense of possession of marijuana if they knowingly or intentionally possess a usable quantity of marijuana.

For people who are cultivating or making use of a grow house, the quantity of plants or usable marijuana will be factored in to decide what classification this drug charge should be. В§481.121 also specifies the amounts needed to enhance the charges:

It is considered a Class B misdemeanor if the amount of marijuana possessed is two ounces or less (up to 180 days in county jail and / or a fine of not more than $2,000);

If you are found with four ounces or less but more than two ounces, it is considered a Class A misdemeanor (up to 1 year in county jail and / or a fine of not more than $4,000);

It is considered a State Jail Felony is the amount of marijuana possessed is five pounds or less but more than four ounces (up to 2 years in state jail and / or a maximum fine of not more than $10,000);

If the amount of marijuana possessed is 50 pounds or less but more than 5 pounds, it is considered a Felony of the Third Degree (Up to 10 years in state prison and / or a maximum fine of $10,000);

It is considered a Felony of the Second Degree if the amount of marijuana possessed is 2,000 pounds or less but more than 50 pounds (up to 20 years in state prison and / or a maximum fine of $10,000);

It is considered a Felony of the second degree and punishable by imprisonment in the institutional division of the Texas Department of criminal Justice for life or for a term of not more than 99 years or less than 5 years, and a fine not to exceed $50,000, if the amount of marijuana possessed is more than 2,000 pounds.

As for the subject of grow houses, if any law enforcement officers suspect a structure or building is being used as a grow house, they are able to obtain a warrant to search the property and seize any evidence based on even the most minute observations. This can include the smell or odor of marijuana, an explosion for faulty electrical wiring, or the presence of mass quantities of fertilizer or certain types of landscaping equipment.

Horak Law | Harris County Marijuana Cultivation Arrest Lawyer

Considering the substantial penalties involved in marijuana charge, not taking this situation seriously can prove to be a major mistake. Without proper representation, you will be subject to the long arm or the law and will likely be pushed through the legal proceeding without being able to fully articulate your argument in a manner the helps your case.

During what is a stressful and worrisome time, it is hard enough to keep you affairs in order. Add a criminal trial to the mix and it may simply be too overwhelming to effectively handle. This is where Matt Horak can be an invaluable resource. He is a committed Houston criminal defense attorney who has helped many individuals and families through trying and tense situations that involve marijuana possession charges.

His prior experience, coupled with a strong sense of integrity and honesty, allows Matt to confidently and pragmatically take control of your case and produce results that you will be happy with. His focus on the small details of the case will enable him to refute the claims made against you and find avenue by which the charges can be reduced or even completely dismissed.

If you would like to discuss you marijuana cultivation case in detail with Matt Horak, please call (713) 225-8000 or send an online message today. Horak Law offers confidential consultations, so you and Matt can come to an agreement on the next course of action at no risk at all to you.

The firm’s representation extends throughout Southeastern Texas, including Harris County, Montgomery County, Fort Bend County, Waller County, Liberty County, Brazoria County.

Houston criminal defense attorney Matt Horak proudly represents individuals throughout Southeastern Texas who have been charged with possession, delivery or cultivation of marijuana